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Society, Health and Development



Find out about:

Children and Young People's workforce...

Working with children, young people and their families includes a wide range of jobs. These may involve working with:

  • Children in schools as a teacher or as a teaching/learning assistant. Primary teachers usually teach one class in all subjects, while secondary school teachers usually teach one or two subjects to several different classes. Teaching assistants/learning support assistants work alongside teachers in the classroom, helping pupils get the most out of their learning. Duties can vary depending on the age of the children. Higher level teaching assistants (HLTAs) are experienced teaching assistants who plan and deliver learning activities under the direction of a teacher and assess, record and report on pupils' progress.
  • Under 5s as an early years practitioner/nursery nurse - responsible for a group of children, with support from nursery assistants. Nursery workers care for, educate and play with babies and young children, helping them to develop and learn. Much of the work is with the under-fives, but some nurseries offer after-school and holiday care for older children.
  • Older children out of school as playworker or out-of-school club assistant engaging with children and young people to provide a safe, exciting and fun space in which to play, socialise, try out new things or just spend quiet time. Working in teams, they may work with children ranging between the ages of five and 15, or with one particular age group.
  • Young people mainly aged 13-19 as a youth and community worker or Connexions personal adviser. Youth and community workers help young people to learn, grow and develop, and encourage them to play a positive role in the community. Connexions Personal Advisers provide a free and confidential information, advice and guidance service in England to all 13 to 19-year-olds and to young people with learning difficulties or disabilities up to the age of 25. They work to ensure that young people make a smooth transition to adulthood and working life.

For work with children and young people in social care see the social care section.

Community Justice...

Community justice covers working in or with a range of organisations which work with offending behaviour, victims and witnesses of crime, crime reduction and youth justice .

Jobs include:

Community safety officers who may have different roles depending on their employer and could deal with issues such as:

  • policing, drug and alcohol misuse, domestic abuse, crime and anti-social behaviour
  • health promotion, children's safety and youth crime
  • employment, housing, environmental issues and area regeneration.

Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) support the police in reducing crime, fear and antisocial behaviour. They are usually assigned to a neighbourhood policing team. They spend much of their time patrolling the community on foot or bicycle, dealing with minor crimes. They do not investigate more serious crimes.

Probation officers and probation service officers work to protect the public, promote community safety and prevent crime. They carry out:

  • Court work - providing courts with pre-sentence reports to offer guidance about the best way to deal with an offender.
  • The supervision of court orders - making sure that offenders follow orders made by the court, such as carrying out unpaid work for the benefit of the community.
  • Work with prisoners during and after their sentences.

Probation service officers, a lower grade that probation officers, are responsible for tasks such as supervising low risk offenders, maintaining case files, helping to prepare court reports and working with victims of crime.

If justice related areas interest you, you may also want to check out the public services pages - a section which covers areas such as the police force.


Healthcare covers the health care sector with workers delivering services both in hospitals and in the community. This is a huge area covering both the National Health Service (NHS) and private health care. Currently there are more than 300 different career areas in the NHS; jobs include, for example:

  • Doctors and nurses
    • Doctors are concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illnesses, diseases, disorders and injuries.
    • Nurses work with patients who are ill or injured or who have problems due to age or disability.
  • Allied health professionals such as physiotherapists, paramedics and radiographers
    • Physiotherapists work with patients to help them regain mobility, independence and well-being after accidents, illnesses, operations or simply due to the ageing process.
    • Paramedics respond to medical emergencies, treating and stabilising patients before transporting them to hospital by ambulance.
    • Diagnostic radiographers deal with patients with a variety of injuries and illnesses, assessing patients' needs before using a range of sophisticated equipment to produce images to diagnose the injury or disease. Therapeutic radiographers plan and deliver programmes of radiation treatment to cancer patients, explaining and agreeing treatments with patients, their relatives and carers, as well as monitoring progress throughout their treatment.

This section does not cover all jobs as there are so many - only a sample is included above. There are also a wide range of supporting jobs including complementary healthcare, healthcare administrators and mangers, healthcare scientists and healthcare support workers for more information about these careers and many more check out the NHS site

Social Care...

Social care covers a range of services providing care and support to vulnerable people in the community, for example children, the elderly or people with disabilities or complex health needs. Jobs include:

  • Social worker and social work assistants who may work with a specific group of people such as children, young people, older adults or, people with disabilities and complex health needs.
  • Social care workers support people who, for many different reasons, need practical, social and emotional assistance to live well-balanced lives in their local communities. Age, illness, mental health issues, abuse, disabilities, crime or exploitation are some of the reasons people need social care support.